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Andrew Orlowski

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Andrew Orlowski
Orlowski 2006
Geboren 1966
Beruf Journalist
URL andreworlowski.com

Andrew Orlowski (* 1966) ist ein britischer, investigativer Kolumnist, Journalist und Chefredakteur des IT-Nachrichten- und Meinungs­portals The Register[wp].[1][2]

Journalistische Karriere

In his youth, Orlowski had been involved in a "subversive school magazine", Within These Walls, and a fanzine named Paradise Demise.[3] Moving from Northallerton, Yorkshire, to Manchester in 1984, he studied at Manchester University[wp] and then took a course in computer programming[wp].[3] He worked as a programmer in Altrincham in the early 1990s, and "found that a lot less creative than I'd expected, and this being my first proper job I soon got disillusioned."[3]

Orlowski wrote reviews for Manchester's City Life[wp] magazine from 1988, and in 1992 started an alternative newspaper called Badpress in [Manchester.[3] In 1994 he became computer correspondent at Private Eye magazine.[3][4] In the late 1990s, he wrote for PC Pro[5] and was news editor at IT Week.[6] Today, Orlowski is a columnist and the executive editor of IT news and opinion website The Register[wp]; he was based in San Francisco for five years in the early 2000s, reporting for The Register, but returned to England in 2006.[1][7]

"Googlewashing"

Im Jahr 2003 prägte Orlowski den Begriff "googlewashing"[wp], um das Potential für zufällige oder vorsätzliche betriebene Zensur durch Konzepte, die in der Art und Weise von Suchmaschinen wie "Google-Suche" arbeiten.[8] An article in The New York Times[9] commenting on worldwide anti-war demonstrations had stated that "there may still be two superpowers on the planet: the United States and world public opinion", and the term "the Second Superpower[wp]" suddenly acquired widespread currency.[8] However, within the space of a few weeks, most of the top search engine results for the term had come to be about something else, because a prominent blogger had used the same term in what Orlowski described as a "plea for net users to organize themselves as a 'superpower'."[8][10] The blogger's piece was so well linked and so widely commented upon online that the first few pages of Google hits in a search for "the second superpower" all were about his new meaning, with the original anti-war meaning relegated to "other links not shown because they are deemed to be irrelevant."[8] Even the term googlewashing itself almost came to be "googlewashed" in a similar manner, with Orlowski's original definition temporarily disappearing from the top Google search results for the term.[8][11]

Schreiben über Techno-Utopismus

Orlowski schreibt häufig über Techno-Utopismus[wp].[12] Concerning the political influence of Google, Orlowski has said, "The web is a secular religion at the moment and politicians go to pray at events like the Google Zeitgeist conference. Any politician who wants to brand himself as a forward-looking person will get himself photographed with the Google boys. [...] It's the big regulatory issue of the next 10 years: how politicians deal with Google. If the web is as important as the politicians say, it seems odd that one company sets the price and defines the terms of business."[13]

Commenting on the vision of the technological singularity[wp], a future time when people and machines would combine to form a new superintelligence, and at least a part of humanity might overcome biological limitations like death and disease, he has stated that "The Singularity is not the great vision for society that Lenin[wp] had or Milton Friedman[wp] might have. It is rich people building a lifeboat and getting off the ship."[12]

In December 2004, Orlowski was invited to a discussion panel on techno-utopianism at Harvard Law School's Berkman Center for Internet and Society.[14] He was Assistant Producer of Adam Curtis' 2011 BBC TV series on techno-utopianism, All Watched Over By Machines Of Loving Grace[wp].[15]

Wikipedia-Kritik

Orlowski wirft einen kritischen Blick auf Wikipedia und stellt im Jahr 2005 fest, dass "die Lesbarkeit, die schon zu Beginn nicht so toll war, stark gesunken ist. Die früher einheitlichen und ziemlich genauen Artikel im technischen Bereich werden umso schlechter, je länger sie bestehen." ("Readability, which wasn't great to begin with, has plummeted. Formerly coherent and reasonably accurate articles in the technical section have gotten worse as they've gotten longer.")[16][17] In einem BBC-Artikel aus dem Jahr 2005 sagte Bill Thompson[wp], Orlowski habe "in seinem bitter-bösen Verriss die Webseite als kultähnliche Organisation, wo der Glaube gegenüber der Rationalität triumphiert beschrieben und schlägt sogar vor, Wikipedia als ein 'massiv skalierbaren Online-Rollenspiel Rollenspiel' zu begreifen, wo 'Spieler fiktive Online-Identitäten annehmen können und viele Benutzer genau das tun.'" ("scathing in his dismissal of the site as a cult-like organisation where faith triumphs rationality, and even suggests we look at Wikipedia as 'a massively scalable, online role-playing game'[wp] where 'players can assume fictional online identities and many editors do just that'.")[18]

Artikel

Einzelnachweise

  1. 1,0 1,1 Contact the Register, The Register, accessdate on January 19, 2012
  2. Bob Dickinson: Imprinting the sticks: the alternative press beyond London, Arena 1997, ISBN 978-1-85742-234-4, p. 229
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 3,3 3,4 Bob Dickson: A Retch in the Rain[webarchiv], Badpress
  4. Internet Porn: "Government report suppressed", PR Newswire, 6 September 1996
  5. Sci/Tech | The key debate on encryption, BBC News on January 1, 1998
  6. IT Week: Tim O'Reilly talks Open Source, Linux Today on March 31, 1999
  7. Geek out: We'll miss you, Orlowski, Gawker on May 26, 2006
  8. 8,0 8,1 8,2 8,3 8,4 Andrew A. Adams; Rachel McCrindle: Pandora's Box: Social and Professional Issues of the Information Age, 15 February 2008, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-0-470-06553-2, p. 122-123
  9. By PATRICK E. TYLER, THREATS AND RESPONSES: NEWS ANALYSIS; A New Power In the Streets, New York Times on February 17, 2003
  10. Andrew Orlowski: Anti-war slogan coined, repurposed and Googlewashed… in 42 days, The Register, 3 April 2003
  11. Andrew Orlowski: Google washes whiter: Where did that story go?, The Register on 10th April 2003
  12. 12,0 12,1 Ashlee Vance: Merely Human? That's So Yesterday, New York Times on June 12, 2010
  13. David Smith: Google, 10 years in: big, friendly giant or a greedy Goliath?, The Observer on 17 August 2008
  14. Mistakes Techno Utopians Make: Fantasy Politics and the Disappearing Social, December 2004
  15. Pavilion Theatre, Brighton Dome: Are the creative industries losing the PR battle on legislative reform?, M magazine: PRS for Music online magazine on 10th May 2012
  16. Randy Salas: What's wrong with Wikipedia?, Star Tribune am 7. November 2005
  17. Wikipedia letter, The Register am 24. Oktober 2005
  18. Thompson, Bill: What is it with Wikipedia?, BBC.co.uk on December 16, 2005

Netzverweise


Dieser Artikel basiert auf dem Artikel Andrew Orlowski (4. Oktober 2013) aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia. Der Wikipedia-Artikel steht unter der Doppellizenz GNU-Lizenz für freie Dokumentation und Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0). In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren verfügbar, die vor Übernahme in WikiMANNia am Text mitgearbeitet haben.